Resonance Stabilization

Resonance Stabilization Definition:

Resonance stabilization is the stabilization offered due to the delocalization of electrons in a molecule.

Resonance Stabilization Explained:

Resonance happens in the initiation of delocalization in which the overall energy of an atom is lowered since its electrons occupy a greater volume. Therefore, the molecules that experience resonance are more stable than those that do not and are termed resonance stabilized.

Example –

Notice the spreading of charge. This stabilizes the molecule as the overall energy of the molecule reduces.