Mass-to-Charge Ratio(m/z)

Mass-to-Charge Ratio(m/z) Definition:

The determining factor by which ions are separated from each other in mass spectrometry.

Mass-to-Charge Ratio(m/z) Explained:

The (M) symbolizes the molecular or atomic number and (Z) represents the charge number of the ion. In mass analysis, an electron is taken from molecules to create single charged ions. If two electrons are removed, double charged ions are produced. The number of electrons removed is the charge number (for positive ions). m/z together represent mass divided by charge number and the horizontal axis in a mass spectrum is expressed in units of m/z.