Acid-Catalyzed Hydration

Acid-Catalyzed Hydration Definition:

A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.

 

Acid-Catalyzed Hydration Explained:

The addition of water across a double bond with an acid catalyst proceed via the markovnikov addition pathway. The result is an addition of a hydrogen (H) and an alcohol (OH) across the double bond. The alcohol (OH) group is added to the more substituted carbon. The diagram below depicts the acid-catalyzed hydration reaction scheme: