SN1 vs. SN2

SN1 vs. SN2Nucleophilic substitution reactions are very important reactions of alkyl halide. There can be two pathways:Unimolecular nucleophilic substitution, SN1Bimolecular nucleophilic substitution, SN2.Whether an alkyl halide will undergo an SN1…

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pKa table

The pKa table is very useful and it’s really important to become familiar with them. The pKa table tells you a lot more information than you realize. They don’t only tell you the pKa values for each…

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PCC chemistry reagent

Pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) is an oxidizing agent which can oxidized alcohols to aldehydes and ketones.PCC is formed from the reaction between pyridine, chromium trioxide, and hydrochloric acid. Chlorochromatic acid can be prepared by the dissolution…

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Nucleophile

Brønsted and Lowry have given us a simple definition of acids and bases: An acid is a proton donor and a base is a proton acceptor. Consequently, electrophiles and nucleophiles are species in organic chemistry that interact very much like…

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NaHB4 reagent

Sodium borohydride (NaBH4)Although inorganic compounds, these two reducing agents are often used in organic chemistry. Now, we will consider sodium borohydride which is also known as sodium tetrahydridoborate and sodium tetrahydroborate. This molecule consists of a…

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MCPBA reagent

The synthetic uses of different peroxides for organic synthesis have been widely studied. Among these peroxides, meta-chloroperbenzoic acid (MCPBA) is an efficient oxidizing reagent and have been used for many oxidative transformations. A peroxy acid (or peroxyacid, peracid) is an…

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Isobutyl

Organic chemistry is reduced to consideration of the reactions and mechanisms of organic compounds. Learning how to name organic compounds is the foundation upon which your entire organic chemistry knowledge…

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