Rearrangements (Hydride Shift)

Rearrangements (H shift) Rearrangement (H shift) Definition: A rearrangement reaction is a board class of organic reaction where the carbon skeleton of a molecule is rearranged to give a structural isomer of the…

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Rearrangements (Alkyl shift)

Rearrangements (Alkyl shift) Rearrangements (Alkyl shift) Definition: The rearrangement is a reaction in which an atom or bond moves or migrates, having been initially located at one site in a reactant molecule…

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Ozonolysis (Reductive workup)

Ozonolysis (Reductive workup) Ozonolysis Definition: Ozonolysis is reaction where the double bonds of alkenes are cleaved with ozone (O3). Alkanes form organic compounds in which the multiple carbon-carbon bonds have been replaced by a carbonyl…

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Ozonolysis (Oxidative workup)

Ozonolysis (Oxidative workup) Ozonolysis (Oxidative workup) Definition: Ozonolysis is reaction where the double bonds of alkenes are cleaved with ozone (O3). Alkanes form compounds in which the multiple carbon-carbon bonds have been replaced by a carbonyl…

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Oxymercuration [Hg(OAc)2/H2O]

Oxymercuration [Hg(OAc)2/H2O] Oxymercuration (H2O) Definition: Oxymercuration-demercuration is the reaction sequence in which mercuric acetate acts as the reagent. In the first step (oxymercuration), treatment of an alkene with this species in the presence of water…

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Oxymercuration [Hg(OAc)2/ROH]

Oxymercuration [Hg(OAc)2/ROH] Oxymercuration (ROH) Definition: Oxymercuration-demercuration is the reaction when alkene treated with mercuric salt [Hg(OAc)2] and alcohol [ROH], and ether is formed. Oxymercuration (ROH) Explained: Mercuration is an electrophilic addition of a…

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Oxidative Cleavage [KMnO4]

Oxidative Cleavage [KMnO4] Oxidative Cleavage Definition: The oxidative cleavage is the cleavage of the double bond in the alkene by oxidizing agents (such as KMnO4). Here comes to the complete cleavage of the double bond and the chain…

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Iodination [I2]

Iodination [I2] Iodination Definition: Iodination is a reaction where iodine is added to a double bond of alkene to give a diiodide. Iodination Explained: Alkene chlorination and bromination are very…

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Hydrogenation of Alkenes

Hydrogenation of Alkenes Hydrogenation of Alkenes Definition: Catalytic hydrogenation involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst and the net result of…

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Free Radical Addition of HBr

Free Radical Addition of HBr Free Radical Addition of HBr Definition: When alkane is exposed to hydrogen bromide, alkyl bromide is formed. Free Radical Addition of HBr Explained: It was noticed that when freshly distilled…

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